Aside from areas where medical procedures are performed, hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare facilities are made up of an extended network of non-medical office and service buildings. Kitchens in hospitals are very much alike large commercial kitchens in restaurants, operating similar equipment and being governed by much of the same safety guidelines. In terms of design and organization, patient rooms are no different than hotel rooms, while the vending machines, lobbies, locker rooms, and gift shops found in hospitals can also be found in several other types of buildings.
And just like restaurants, hotels, and other commercial facilities, healthcare facilities provide all the necessary conditions – food, water, and shelter – for insects and rodents to thrive.
Environmental factors that facilitate the entry of pests in healthcare facilities include:
Environmental factors facilitating the survival of pests include:
Environmental factors that encumber the eradication of pests include:
While there may be a wide range of pests, rodents, and arthropods commonly associated with the health care industry, there are no unique hospital pests.